Centos中编译安装PHP

By | 2013年2月25日

安装各种第三方包

yum install bison flex libxml2-devel openssl-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel  freetype-devel  t1lib-devel libicu-devel

#安装libiconv(解压过程略)
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
./configure
make
make install

#安装mhash(解压过程略)
wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
./configure
make
make install

#安装libmcrypt(解压过程略)
wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
./configure
make
make install

PHP编译

./configure
--prefix=/opt/php
--disable-ipv6
--enable-exif
--enable-fpm
--enable-ftp
--enable-gd-native-ttf
--enable-intl
--enable-mbstring
--enable-mod-charset
--enable-sockets
--enable-sysvmsg
--enable-sysvsem
--enable-sysvshm
--enable-zip
--with-apxs2
--with-bz2
--with-config-file-path=/opt/php/etc
--with-curl
--with-freetype-dir
--with-jpeg-dir
--with-gd
--with-gettext
--with-mhash
--with-iconv-dir
--with-libxml-dir
--with-mcrypt
--with-mysql
--with-mysql-sock
--with-mysqli
--with-openssl-dir
--with-openssl
--with-pcre-dir
--with-pcre-regex
--with-pdo-mysql
--with-png-dir
--with-pear
--with-t1lib
--with-zlib

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

make install 

修改php.ini文件,指定扩展文件的目录:

extension_dir = /opt/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525

可以通过phpinfo来查找目录名(搜索extension_dir字符串):

image

设置环境变量:

vim /etc/profile
#内容类似于
PATH=/opt/php/bin:/opt/php/sbin:$PATH
export PATH

#保存关闭后
source /etc/profile

安装ImageMagick与Imagick

下载ImageMagick

下载Imagick

先安装ImageMagick,再安装Imagick。

ImageMagick安装:

./configure --prefix=/opt/ImageMagick
make
make install

Imagick安装:

export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/opt/ImageMagick/lib/pkgconfig
/opt/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-imagick=/opt/ImageMagick --with-php-config=/opt/php/bin/php-config
make
make install

imagick安装完成后,将自动把imagick.so文件复制到php的extension目录下,我的extension目录为:

/opt/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/

配置Imagick:

在php.ini中加入:extension=”imagick.so”

如果SELinux打开了,那么需要运行下面这个命令:

restorecon /opt/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/imagick.so

eAccelerator安装

下载eAccelerator

/opt/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-eaccelerator-info --with-eaccelerator-disassembler --with-php-config=/opt/php/bin/php-config
make
make install

配置eAccelerator

如果开启了Selinux,请运行:

restorecon /opt/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/eaccelerator.so

创建缓存目录:

mkdir /var/cache/eaccelerator
chmod 777 /var/cache/eaccelerator

在php.ini中加入:

[eaccelerator]
extension = "eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="16"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/var/cache/eaccelerator"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="1"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"

配置eAccelerator的web管理页面:

1.编译安装时,需要加上–with-eaccelerator-info参数

2.将安装目录下的control.php文件复制到web目录下,使用浏览器访问。

默认control.php集成了http验证,用户名密码可以在文件中找到,也可以关闭Http验证,这一切,使用编辑器打开control.php文件就懂了。

image

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